The date of Tuesday January 25, when the resistance against British opposition of 1952 is commemorated, was the date chosen to carry out the announced rebellion that spread through the country’s social networks. Facebook recorded that 90,000 Egyptians signed in adhering to the protests. The meeting points were changed continuously to prevent the feared Egyptian police knowing their movements. Tens of thousands of protestors chanted slogans against Hosni Mubarak as they threw stones and bottles, according to the Al Jazeera network reports, in a riot triggered largely by the Tunisian outburst. Though there is a marked difference, as the Egyptians did not have the support of the armed forces of their country as the Tunisian’s had. At the time, this was very important for the world, especially for the Arab countries, since if Egypt's revolution succeeded, the claim would spread to all the Arab countries. The Newspaper Le Monde, in its section Geopolitique of December 19, 2013, gathered the views of several artists, under the title "Libertés sous surveillance" (Freedom under surveillance). This was my opinion.
Adventures of our other being
At sixty-nine, actress Jane Fonda announced to the magazine Der Zeit that she intended to make a film that would reveal the eroti- cism of mature women, in order to break taboos, fight the war waged in the West against the aging body, and prove that desire is still alive at all ages. García Márquez said the same in another way: “How mistaken are those who think that they no longer fall in love when they grow old; and do not know that they grow old when they no longer fall in love. Death does not come with old age but with forgetfulness.”
Massive resurrection of the conflict between Cain and Abel. The history of humanity has suffered and suffers countless warlike conflicts of this type, such as the American Secesion War and the Spanish Civil War. The most recent ones occurred in Africa, where there were real holocausts in view of the world. For seven years, Scott Anderson, author of the article “The price of peace in Ulster”, published by The New York Times on January 18, 1994, traveled regularly to Northern Ireland meeting with the “strong men” both of the IRA and its rivals, the Ulster Defense Association. Having gained the trust of both made it possible for them to reveal a panorama of the underworld of Belfast. He corroborated that both armed movements were financed by nauseating activities such as the sale of protection and other schemes of extortion, including that practiced by drug traffickers, who hurt their people as much or more than the British. Typically mafioso activities concealed under a cloak of patriotism. Peace rented Today any average informed citizen knows that an enormous network of intrigues and corruption involves politicians, royal houses, the global aristocratic elite, armed militias, intelligence agencies and traffickers, all loyal to a supranational purpose: the enormous flow of black money.
The end of innocence
The repeated floods of the Pilcomayo River
which have forced the government to move part of the city to safer area.
Democratic election booth
Contemporary Kali Goddess
Foreign Policy magazine
Delicate economic dependence
Published by Foreign Policy magazine
Image originally conceived for a poster claiming for the disappeared citizens by the military dictatorship of Argentina, and used in the demonstration of Plaza de Mayo. Then it was republished on the Op-Ed page of The New York Times with a similar goal.
Pets reveal a great deal about their owners. People deposit their scarce good feelings in them. Some are conscious of the fact. Konrad Lorenz said: “the simple fact that my dog loves me more than I love him is an undeniable fact, and every time I think about it, I feel ashamed”.
The International Herald Tribune —today called The Global Edition of The New York Times—, with headquarters in Paris and circulation in Europe and Asia, published a supplement devoted to pets and their owners during the week-end of March 29/30, 2008. The difficulty with the illustration was due to the fact that it could not show an animal in particular —since the supplement contained articles on all kinds of animals—, and referred to pets in general.
Pets end up mitigating human loneliness at times marked by isolation and even reclusion.
Balance by means of terror. Arms control treaties have been agreed as from the days of Emperor Diocletian in the III Century up until now, and reach as far as the regulations concerning cluster munitions signed in 2008 which were enforced in 2010. But as from August 1945, when two atomic bombs were dropped by the United States on the civilian targets of the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, nuclear weapons have become a credible and constant threat to mankind and a permanent concern for politicians and lawyers. In October 1986 in Reykjavik, Mikhail Gorbachov proposed the abolition of all nuclear weapons, and Ronald Reagan made a proposal to the same effect, although more moderate. Stephen J. Solarz, the author of an article published on December 22, 1986 on the Op-Ed page of the New York Times with the title “Arms control – Art of the Possible”, proceeded to analyze each one of the possibilities. He stated that even though it was desirable, Gorbachov’s proposal proved to be impracticable, due to the fact that compliance with such a treaty could not be verified, since mobile intercontinental ballistic missiles can be hidden in garages or caves, and weapon components can be manufactured and kept separately, to be assembled in times of crisis. And even if the observance of the treaty could be verified, this solution was not convenient for the United States and Europe, because the Warsaw Pact was still in effect, and gave the Soviet Union a substantial advantage in conventional forces over the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. After vindicating the NATO doctrine, as a result of which nuclear forces played an active and dissuasive role, and demonstrate one by one the lack of realism of all solutions, the author negotiates a 50% reduction of weapons, which is obviously as unrealistic as reducing weapons entirely. In 1996, the International Court of Justice received two petitions for Advisory Opinions on the legality of nuclear weapons. Just observing the intellectual derivations we can understand that the problem has no solution, since even the Court says one thing and then goes back on what it has said on each of the points. The English saying is as follows: “The strength of a chain is that of the weakest of its links.” Therefore, our survival depends on the most irresponsible of our rulers.
View of America for Time
Time magazine selected 6 artists from around the world to give their visual opinion about the United States. I came out with this one.
The perfect consumer's proportion
The political fox and the Public Grapes
Destruction of the Monarchs
Close to thirty million monarch butterflies died after a snowstorm struck their Mexican sanctuary on December 30, 1995. This represents one third of the total population of mnarchs in the northern hemisphere. If we consider that 90 percent of the world’s population of these monarchs resides in the Eastern Rocky Mountains and that they have a migration route from the south of Canada to the forest of Oyamel in Mexico—some 4500 kilometers—, we can imagine the cyclopean effort involved. Several generations span this journey and each female lays about 300 eggs each time. Totally adapted, these animals have been living in the frozen Oyamel mountains for more than 10.000 years, where the mountains are mainly covered by forests of oak trees at an altitude of up to 2900 meters, of pine-oak between 1500 and 3000 meters, and firtrees that grow between the altitude of 2400 and 3600 meters, serving as a kind of umbrella to protect them from the rain, and that the monarch butterflies have repeated this migration cycle year after year. What is the explanation for such an unexplained mortality? The explanation is that the destruction of the planet by the greatest scourge known, the human being, has also reached there. The felling of trees in the Oyamel forest has continued in spite of the express prohibition issued by President Miguel de la Madrid, as well as efforts of Canadian and North American institutions. The government itself continues to allow this destruction that threatens to cause the extinction of the monarch butterfly. The charges made by Homer Aridjis, president of the Group of 100, an environmental organization of Mexico, and Lincoln P. Brower, zoology professor at the University of Florida, were published on the Op-Ed page of the New York Times on January 26, 1996 with the title “Twilight of the Monarchs”. Eleven years later, WWF, an NGO dedicated to ecology, proved that over the period 2007-2008, this forest loss increased 6.5 %, based on data resulting from satellite photographic surveys.
Racism in the US Forces
Weapons of mutual destruction
Published by Foreign Policy magazine
You are Charly
Published by Institutional Investor magazine
Inequalities of the capitalist system
Increase in the price of gasoline
Published by The Chicago Tribune newspaper
Packaging is a container or wrapping that temporarily holds products in order to protect them. Although associated with commerce, the two most perfect natural containers are the motherly womb and the egg, both carriers of life, that maintain a constant communication which enables knowing that the content is in perfect condition. Industry has not yet dared to register them for commercial purposes, but surely it will do so in the future. The illustration was published on the cover of the Container Industry Supplement, in the Clarin newspaper of Argentina, on April 27, 1983.
Working in his own Re-election
Smoking is a deadly pleasure
The slow suicide of smoking, deadly invasion that infects organ by organ, to the total body poisoning. Breathing clean air is a right, not a permit that we should ask to smokers. Environmental snuff smoke is the biggest polluter known, affects children and workers who smoke by intermediary person. The illustration was published in the Opinion page of Clarín newspaper, on December 14, 2006.
The brain is like a parachute
It only works open
Female Muslim rights
A letter published in The New York Times
Bill Clinton´s wars
Monica Lewinsky came to the president of the United States in a green dress, by chance with a very short skirt and some official documents. The president praised the clothing but said his desire was to see what was underneath. "Then I raised my skirt and showed him what he wanted to see," recalled the former intern. The president, in a formal tone of the occasion and the place, commented diplomatically: "Beautiful." The exquisite green dress that was stained with presidential semen should go to public auction, because it belongs to history. This was reported by Monica to a journalist from the British newspaper The Sunday Mirror and is included in the book: “Monica's Story”, by Andrew Morton. Between tears and sitting at the same desk where Winston Churchill and Margaret Thatcher signed their biographies, Monica signed copies of her autobiographical book at the famous British store Harrods. With the sale of the book and a series of scheduled interviews around the world, Monica hopes to raise the two million dollars she owes her lawyers for their services in the affair with Clinton. According to Monica Lewinsky confessed to Barbara Walters, of the ABC chain belonging to the Disney group, Clinton does not feel remorse for the passionate "affair" but regrets that they were discovered. After the first kiss, she added, she felt a very particular chemistry ... He kisses very well. He remembers how she masturbated the president while he discussed issues about Bosnia with members of Congress. In the book "Secret History of Mosad", the English writer on espionage Gordon Thomas, argues that the Israeli secret services recorded 30 hours of love talks between Monica and Bill, and used to blackmail the White House. Because of this, the FBI refrained from investigating an Israeli agent known as Mega. In September 1998, Keneth Starr presented his controversial 445 page report that was made public on the Internet. The illustration was ordered for the Cover for the Wall Street Journal.
Economic map of the Americas
Due to the deep economic troubles that several Latinamerican countries have got into by their debt repaying, the populist candidates were gaining widespread support. Jeffrey Sachs, a Harvard economist, estimated that even if debtor nations failed to pay their reduced Hill, it World take only 6 percent of our $ 16 billion foreign aid budget over a few years to cover the payments and end the global debt crisis. A small price to pay to avoid the risk of losing the major Latin nations as trading partners and stable political allies.
Drawing originally published by The New York Times Op-Ed page, as: “Defiance on Latin Debt”, by By Marlene Nadle. This New version was made with real grapes.
Drones of peace
On October 9, 2009, leader Thorbjørn Jagland announced that the Nobel Peace Prize had been awarded to Barack Obama, President of the United States, who was carrying out wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, trimmed social spending while increasing the military budget up to three quarters of a billion dollars, the largest in history until then, and retained POWs in the torture jail of Guantanamo, a place where it is known that on 183 occasions they applied the technique known as “the bathtub” (which consisted of immersing the prisoner almost to suffocation) to the prisoner Khalid Sheij Mohamed, who finally confessed Osama Bin Laden’s hiding place and who was later murdered by an American Commando Task Force. This had been authorized by Obama. In fact, Obama did not deprive himself of anything when it comes to war. He used drones (unmanned aerial vehicles, known by its acronym in Spanish as VANT) that are used by the military both for reconnaissance and attack missions. On February 8, 2013, the International Herald Tribune published an article with the testimony of John O. Brennan before the Senate Intelligence Committee that questioned due to the lack of transparency and the guarantee of rights given by Obama’s Administration to counterterrorism. It was Brennan who had to stand up and defend this situation as the President had chosen him as the future Director of the Central Intelligence Agency. Therefore, it is not surprising that Brennan strongly defended the quadrupling of air raids that took place under the presidency of Obama. Nor was it surprising to the world that Obama intended to launch missiles on Syria. Trembling from Putin’s threat, he decided to take the “democratic decision” of handing over this boiling cauldron to Congress. The prize has never been awarded with more coherence, if we consider that the Swedish chemist Alfred Nobel made his enormous fortune thanks to his invention of dynamite and other explosives for the military industry. The Norwegian institute explained that the decision had been motivated by hope, in other words, not to see things as they really are, but as they wished them to look. The illustration was published by the International Herald Tribune.
Election campaigns have always cost money, but never the present spine-chilling sums that are necessary to win a presidential nomination and later on, a presidency. The concentration of capital is constantly increasing, and impacts campaign results directly, which inevitably turns against the population in a varied combination of manipulations. The System “does not play dice”. People with no economic power, become true civic “missing persons”, and are excluded from the election process. As in everything else, this biased filtering boils down to two opposite forces, which from the point of view of capital, are only one. Theories vary, candidates change, fears are manipulated and horrible outcomes are invented to deviate public attention that is seethed with anguish and quarrels that generate divisions, whilst the only constant in campaigns is money. The procedure is simple: just survive while the majority of the other candidates are forced to abandon. And the floating board is money. We have acquired universal suffrage, but we vote for those who have passed the financial test. In everyday language this means that we vote for what capital wants. And those who decide to protest by not voting do not matter, because their votes do not count. An obvious detail the System seems to ignore, lest vote actually becomes a power and is meaningful.
Following Marco Polo’s footsteps
Marco Polo (1254-1324) was a Venetian merchant and explorer who gained international fame for his worldwide travels. He was one of the first Westerners to travel across the Silk Road to China to visit the Great Khan of the Mongol Empire, Kublai Khan (grandson of Genghis Khan). His travels were narrated in the book Il Milione (“The Million” or “The Travels of Marco Polo”), dictated by Polo to a romantic writer, Rustichello da Pisa, during his time in jail in Genoa during 1298-1299. Travel, at that time, was dangerous and required a good deal of audacity, in addition to precise objectives. In a special supplement, The International Herald Tribune warned about the extraordinary growth as a result of e-commerce and other variations of financial transactions. The cash flow of financial transactions and foreign investments has now risen to more than a trillion dollars a day.
Latin America tries to reduce the number of detections and interceptions of Cessna-type aircraft and jets used by drug traffickers, with the aim of cleaning the airspace with the help of F-5 aircraft.
Vietnam’s Black Mirror
The shiny volcanic black rock walls as of basalt, where the names of those fallen in Vietnam are inscribed, have a dignified beauty which, in some peculiar way repatriates the dead. Designed by the American architect Maya Lin, they are in fact two walls facing each other that are 75 meters long and about 3 meters high. All the names of those Killed in Action as well as the names of those Missing in Action are engraved on these walls. As these walls reflect the image of those who visit the monument —three million visitors every year— the names are reflected onto the faces of those who stand in front of the monument, as though they were part of those who had fallen. A veteran of that war, Michael Norman, the author of the article “Lest We Forget”, reflects on the death of one of his comrades, shot in the stomach: “He may have died for his country or for his God or for nothing at all.” Knowing the view of General William C. Westmoreland, US Army General in command of military operations of that war, the first to be waged both in the battlefield and on the American television, we can’t help feeling that the latter and cinism were, perhaps, the predominant atrocity. “Due to the very nature of television, a distorted, compressed and visually dramatic vision of the war was presented [sic]. The war that the Americans saw was always violent, miserable and controversial [sic]. For the first time in modern history, the outcome of a war did not take place in the battlefield, but on the television screens.”
Manhattan has become a foreign city, which most of its citizens do not want. Buildings of 30 and 50 stories multiply today in the midst of residential areas. Light and fresh air becomes scarcer as the phenomenon progresses. Edward Irving Koch, American lawyer and politician, who was a US Congressman from 1969 to 1977, and later Mayor of New York from 1978 and 1989, was the city authority when this article was published on November 28, 1987. The author, Philip K. Howard, director and counsel of the Municipal Art Society and director of the New York City Industrial Development Agency, suggested an elemental solution to the problem: laws should be passed for a better use of the land, and not for its destruction. “New Yorkers see the problem clearly”, he said. “The Administration should also see it”. The City Council had already provided ample evidence that the citizens demanded a new policy. A broad based coalition (including Henry A. Kissinger and activists from “Hells Kitchen”) appeared to try to block the proliferation of massive towers planned for Columbus Circle. Buildings of 50 stories are not something which belongs to the natural order of things, and is only aimed at raising revenues for the Administration. Why should the City Council focus its concern on maximizing revenues from these sources? In the meantime, residents of the Upper West Side and the Upper East Side wake up every morning amazed contemplating the facades of their businesses destroyed, and replaced by others to the taste of foreign customers. New voices have risen against the deterioration of the quality of life in the city.
The return of the prodigal children
Ahmed Ali Al-Hammadi, a Qatari who has a Wharton School degree in Finance from the University of Pennsylvania and a Masters degree from the Harvard Business School said: “Ninety nine percent of those who study abroad come back to work in Qatar*. “The opportunities are huge here both to move in the corporate ladder and in compensations. It rarely makes sense not to return". The story of Al-Hammadi is that of most of Qatari students, although it is more difficult for women to travel, because for Qataris there is no other choice but to study abroad. The initiative to promote high standards of education is that of the Gulf state authorities, who since 2006 are sponsoring special programs and even launched new programs in 2011 which were specially designed for executives to improve the skills of the people and attract regional talent. These new programs are intended for those who are already committed to a local business and want to stay.The idea is to create a solid cultural center, comparable to that of the West. “Someday we will achieve this,” reflected Al-Hammadi. The International Herald Tribune voiced this situation, in an article by Nazanin Lankarani published in March 2011.
* State or Emirate of Qatar, according to the UN nomenclature.
The Middle East Ablaze
The digital edition of the Hürriyet newspaper reported a landmine explosion, activated when a minibus identified with a civilian license plate entered within its range, though it transported 17 policemen, and resulted in the death of 8, and serious injuries for the remaining 9. These mines are buried and are detonated by remote control. This is a common practice of the Kurdistan Workers Party that is the guerrilla opposed to the Turkish government. A few days ago, another landmine was activated in Hakkari and intercepted a military convoy killing four soldiers and wounding another five. The strife between confused Muslims tends to come together in the face of the provocative campaign video projected by the Obama Administration, insulting the Prophet Mohammed. The illustration was published on the Opinion page of the International Herald Tribune, on November 4, 2007.
“The materials that are handled (by man to create his worlds) are colors, forms, other perceptions, movements, memory, imagination, and forgetfulness”, considered Jorge Luis Borges on 13th September 1984.
A visit to Afganistan shows two realities, the Afganistan at war, to the south, in the provinces of Helmand and Kandahar, and the Afganistan in peace, under certain strain, backed up by the presence of 71.000 foreign soldiers and US’s and NATO’s permanent will to stay in that place. On August 18, 2008, sent by the Pulitzer Centre on CrisisReporting, Washington DC, Don Duncan, a free lance journalist based in Hong Kong, published in the International Herald Tribune his article “A tourist in Afganistan”. In it, it was made evident that two Afganistans co-exist, Mazar where peace reigns and where to this day, the walls of the fortress are not yet plastered, exposing machine gun impact, and the remaining rusted tanks and heavy artillery that lie scattered everywhere. International development groups had spent by that time more than 2.000 million in roads. Who return from the exile are forced to adapt to the extraordinary changes that have taken place: paved roads, roundabouts, all of which have the occidental touch, all these having been sponsored by France, Japan and Sweden. Also, which could not go without mentioning, the use of cellular phones among people. But the security and stability of Mazar starts to dissipate as you get near Kabul, an essentially cosmopolitan city, with a strong mixture of foreign culture, located only six hours of travel by road. The walls of the building are all cracked, as a result of the US bombings. The very Talibans have bombarded buildings at an effort to undo what the occidental influence means to Afganistan. The London Conference which ended on February 1, 2006, with the participation of 70 countries that promised 10.500 million dollars and aid to Afganistan to fight poverty, increase security and struggle against drug trafficking, apart from the “Pact of Afganistan” to rebuild the country, they seem insufficient to avoid the collapse of security, since 2005 was the year with a greater number of casualties since the North American invasion in 2001. The Taliban rebels are using the same terrorist methods used in Irak to undermine the Afgan government backed up by the Western world. The psychological legacy of the Taliban era will take a long time to fade. If such event were to be possible.
On January 1, 2000, Ricardo Kirchbaum, General Editor in Chieff of the Clarin newspaper, emphasized: “New Century, New Millennium, New Government”. Argentina was experiencing an auspicious fourth democratic change of Government. Apparently, the six fatal coups carried out during the XX century, in 1930, 1943, 1955, 1962, 1966 and 1976, 46 years of illegal government snatched by 14 dictators as so-called presidents. It is commonly said that the first four established provisional dictatorships, while the last two attempted to be permanent, implementing the bureaucratic authoritarian model of State Terrorism that victimized and disappeared tens of thousands of persons, whilst the rest of the population experienced a massive violation of human rights. The truth is that from the beginning, the Argentine military caste imposed inconceivable and arbitrary pretensions on the disarmed civilian population, and when they had to defend their country with honor, they failed disgracefully. The weapons used in the takeover of the La Tablada barracks on January 23 and 24, 1989 lead by the pathetic Gorriarán Merlo, were still warm. Even though President Alfonsín had to negotiate with the military mob with great courage, he managed to maintain an atmosphere of peace which lasted for many years.
China reopens its Frontiers
Chinese architecture, which had fascinated the world with its impressive work, reopened its frontiers to international trade. The announcement was made on December 26, 2005 by the newspaper Clarin in Argentina. Gigantic galleries, the world’s largest building to that date, and the beginning of a series of trade agreements with Mexico and Costa Rica, were its first steps. This venture required a prior change of consciousness
North Korea and its Nuclear Plan
High level negotiations between North Korea, the United States and other members who signed the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, were dramatic at times. In 1985, the world experienced relief when the Asiatic country joined the treaty. In 1991, after the United States complied with North Korea’s demand of withdrawing all American nuclear weapons from South Korea, Kim Il Sung agreed to stop processing plutonium and became a nuclear-weapons-free country. Kim Il Sung, founder of North Korea died in 1994, was not replaced and was named Eternal President of the Republic. He was succeeded by Kim Jong-il, and then by Kim Jong-un, a son and grandson of Kim Il Sung respectively, and in spite of this lineage, there still are some who refer to North Korea as the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea. In 1992 Kim Il Sung again accepted to safeguard internationally his uranium enrichment processing plant and take the plant out of service. Once again in 1993, North Korea accepted new negotiations, and Bill Clinton awarded the Korean President the highest rank North America has ever granted. In the meantime, violating the 1985, 1991 and 1992 treaties, Korea finished the construction of its first reactor, built others, and completed and expanded its reprocessing plant. At that time that Philip Zelikow, a member of the National Security Council between 1989/91, and professor of Public Policy at the Harvard Kennedy School of Goverment, decided to raise his voice of alarm in an article entitled: “Can talks with North Korea Succeed?”, published in the Op-Ed page on June 24, 1994. In this article he denounced the North Korean system of wavering between intimations to negotiate and threats of war, and he condemned the unresisting attitude with which the world had negotiated and even indirectly accused Jimmy Carter of having contributed for all this to happen with his interventions. Democrat Jimmy Carter, who was in office at the White House from 1977 until 1981, has always been considered with great respect by North Korea, in spite of the traditional communist animosity with the United States. His popularity in the world bears no relation with the image that Americans have of him. Zelikow advised Clinton that he should announce that any movement of nuclear warheads, monitored through satellites, constituted a threat to the United States. In other words, these warheads would be destroyed. Secondly, Clinton should also announce that the international community agreed to buy these warheads in exchange for food or construction equipment, and furthermore that he was prepared to gradually strengthen American military forces in South Korea. At present, North Korea is the eighth country in the world in nuclear weapons. In the manner of “The Picture of Dorian Gray”*, the mirror image proved to be the true one.
*Sort of the Portrait of Dorian Gray, by Oscar Wilde (Irish writer).
The retiree, a civil hero
According to two Minnesota University investigators, Robert L. Kane and Rosalie A. Kane, those confined to a home for elderly people receive less than three hours of treatment per day. A meager compensation considering that these institutions charge 60.000 dollars per year. Wade Blank of the protest group American Disabled for Attendant Programs Today, says: “Nobody wants to live in a nursing home”, and requests that the government give him 5 of the 23 billion dollars for what he calls the “attendant services”, that consist of providing help to the elderly that have to repair their homes and cars and have lost the energy to be able to do so. But the American Health Care Association convinced Congress, Bush and all the people that the help is mainly medical. The article published on the Op-Ed on June 2, 1991 entitled “The Nursing Home Rip-off” —something like the nursing home swindles—; signed by Mary Johnson, editor of The Disability Rag, a publication that is dedicated to issues on the rights of the disabled, highlights the fraud of the nursing homes, and denounced a broader crime: public funds are being misused. Once confined to these detention centers for the elderly, the poor elderly are deprived of basic needs such as food and hygiene, uncertainty of appropriate use of medication, identity theft (their identity is generally obtained by rummaging through the victim’s trash), they are at the mercy of health insurance fraud that could implicate a medical team, sexual abuse, fraud with credit cards or hypothetical investment scams, swindles related to charitable institutions, and many other possibilities, including greed of the same family members of the confined person. But surely, neglect is the most painful form of taking advantage of the person. Family members are the ones who take the elderly to these modern “prisons for old age” and abandon them. The good old saying: “a parent can raise five children, but five children cannot take care of a parent” still holds strong.
Transposing the democracy wall
The Sunday, November 27, 1994 Op-Ed page of the New York Times, published an article by Ben Sherwood, director of the Kathleen Brown Democratic Government Campaign, under the title “California leads the way, alas”. That year, illegal immigration was the most important issue, as it triggered the re-election of Governor Pete Wilson, who just one year before, had been declared to have been left out of the game by public opinion polls. A specialist in illegal immigration, Sherwood concluded that though it will never be easy to control immigration flow, attacking this kind of undocumented immigration with harsh and responsible policies is better than trying to control the havoc that the settlement problem will cause. Years later, concepts such as this one were the origin of the wall built by the United States of America on its frontier with Mexico, under Resolution 6061, of the Secure Fence Act of 2006, and approved by the Senate on September 14, 2006. Washington built it in spite of opposition from its own people and foreign countries. The auto-proclaimed country of freedom once again played the same role as its demonized opponent, the Soviet Union, who had done so with the Berlin Wall on August 13, 1961, that physically marked the precise division of spoils of the Second World War victors. Politicians and journalists speculate with the population’s fear of terrorism and invasion, showing dramatic photos of the despair of those who risk everything to work outside their country of origin. They manipulate public opinion using the expression “illegal immigration” —when there are many others: undocumented aliens, unauthorized immigrants, undocumented workers— to identify them, which has a strong criminal connotation when the immigrant simply abandons his culture, family and country, as a result of not being able to forge a future with decent economic prospects, and is exposed to abuse and discrimination. This vulnerability also encourages trafficking and exploitation of undocumented immigrants, even by members of the same community. The life of the undocumented immigrants is marked by the lack of rights, and forced illegality that makes the idea of a livelihood project fade into oblivion. For them, access is forbidden to public health services, to home ownership, social integration, to vote —an essential element of self-protection— and education. And immigration laws cause more clandestine situations. When borders are open, the flow of people coming and going is permanent. When closed, those who have managed to circumvent them, tend to stay for fear of not being able to return. Also to this respect, the abstract invention of capital has more rights than the individual of flesh and blood, and it circulates at will. From a broader perspective, illegal immigration, feared by host country citizens, ends up providing an important contribution to the social development of the receiving countries, enriching their economies and customs. Much has been speculated about this issue, accusing undocumented individuals of promoting unemployment and wage reductions. However, a United Nations report demonstrated that these arguments were false. Worldwide migration has always existed. Ironically, it was the Europeans who massively moved to other countries during colonialism. Today it is their descendants who may unconsciously fear being victims of a new colonialism.
Franchise is a binding contract between an investor, who provides capital and labor, and an established corporation. In addition to granting permission to use trademark benefits, the investor also provides management training and technical assistance.
The largest franchiser is the International Monetary Fund. Yet emerging countries that subscribe to its conditions and meet its guidelines, still enjoy the invigorating belief of being the owners of their business.
The presence of worlds or unusual powers, as Lovecraft used to say, or the ominous as cause of terror on account of ignorance, according to Freud, could be instances of horror. But their definitions have much wider implications. The Dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy, defines “Terror” as a very intense fear, whilst “Horror” is an intense feeling (not necessarily of fear) caused by something awful, something paranormal. It is essential that in all cases fear must intervene, that arouses thrill in the presence of what is unknown, and the exhaustion of the person when faced by a monstrous fact or event. This is the theme of six unpublished stories of Argentine writers, published in the Clarín newspaper’s Supplement “Culture and Nation”.
China stands up looking for respect
As John Hobson shows with abundantly empiric data on the economic and technological superiority of China over the Western civilization in “The Eastern Origins of Western Civilization”, these characteristics led that nation to play an important role in the world economy between 1100 and 1800, up to its conquest and decay in the XIX century, followed by manipulation and mugging brought by England, and then by Europe, Japan and the U.S.A. After 150 years of disgrace and humiliation, China emerges from the ashes to become the second major world economy, achieved through the accomplishments from the Chinese communist revolution, and later on from the nationalist army of Kuomintang. However, half century of attacks against Confucious and all the values associated with his legacy on behalf of the communist party and the ideologic fanaticism of the Cultural Revolution during Mao Zedong had made the people forget about the glory of the great Chinese culture, an essential condition to help China with its transition towards capitalism. ‘The world’s oldest civilization searches for identity through confrontation’, concluded Lucian “W. Pye, professor emeritus on political science in M.I.T., who is the author of numerous books on Chinese cultural politics, and of the article published on February 19th, 1996, in the Op-Ed Page from The New York Times. Thirteen years ago, Andre W. Marshall, the most influential strategist from the Pentagon, supported the report “Asia 2025”, which stated the following: “A stable and powerful China will be constantly challenging the status quo in East Asia. An unstable and relative[ly] weak China could be dangerous because its leaders might try to bolster their power with foreign military adventurism.”
Vegetables & Co.
Laboratories are lucky that nature is not protected by intellectual property rights as they have stolen, and in some cases have synthetically reproduced, several of the most effective active principles of known medicinal plants, selling them as their own property. There still are people who use many healing herbs in an honest way, as these have not been processed industrially, and have only been exposed to minor refinement processes, as is the case of infusions sold at herbal stores which continue to be the most important basis for preserving the health of the community. On the cover of The Living Section of the Wednesday issue of February 7, 1990, the New York Times published a comprehensive survey of the recent research and experiments carried out in the United States with healing plants. The survey made emphasis on how at that time, the National Cancer Institute had developed, a 20.5 Million Dollar program to study photo-chemicals. These elements are related to the important role of ordinary vegetables in the prevention of cancer. For the following year it announced a project to identify the specific components that can cure cancer: some belong to the family of linseed, vegetables of the garlic family, citric fruit, parsley species and its related family, and licorice root extracts. The toxicologist leading the cancer institute program, Dr. Herbert Pierson, sustained that in nature you find plants with a variety of properties, some of which may even be toxic. Science can isolate, select and regulate the components in order to develop food products with the adequate concentration of photo-chemicals, which could contribute to fight diseases, all of which is far less costly than promoting the discovery of new drugs. As the amount of money involved is enormous, laboratories had already begun maneuvers to control this business. By the time this article was published, garlic already had nine patents in Japan, and the National Cancer Institute was planning to study the power of garlic to fight cancer. There is epidemiological evidence that garlic could reduce the incidence of blood clots, as well as citrus fruits that may help to treat different kinds of cancer. But their beneficial effects do not finish there, as they contain large quantities of Vitamin C they could contribute to combat certain viruses, low cholesterol and reduce arterial plaque. With moderation, of course, Mark Twain has warned us: “Be careful about reading health books. You may die of a misprint.”
Raúl Ricardo Alfonsín, lawyer, politician, statesman, municipal counselor, defender of human rights and finally president of Argentina from 1983 to 1989, (attacked by a combination of forces proverbially addicted to overthrow governments, like the Peronists and the trade unions, in addition to hyperinflation), had already started the trial of the Military Juntas, those uniformed assassins who allowed that thousands of people joined the ranks of the disappeared, and prematurely handed over power to the condemnable Carlos Saúl Menem, who is now on trial for numerous crimes. However, he started a democratic era without precedent in Argentina, as since then there have been no military coups. With a clear vision, in 2005 he forewarned of the enormous possibilities of starting economic integration between Argentina and Brazil, avoiding the rivalry of the past that had generated huge economic costs.
Illustration for the Chicago Tribune sunday magazine cover.
In a hospital in the East, a dying soldier, Adam Clay, bequeathed to Daniel Thorpe the memory of Shakespeare, not without first warning him that although memory has entered his consciousness, he will have to discover it, which will emerge "in dreams, in the vigil, when turning the pages of a book or turning a corner ". Little by little the sentence is fulfilled and Thorpe feels the joy of being Shakespeare and finally oppression and terror. "Every man is forced to cope with the growing burden of his memory," reflects Borges. In Thorpe live two, his and Shakespeare's.
Rosencrantz & Guildenstern are dead
Poster for the 1990 Winner Best film at the Venice Film Festival.
Siamese twins at birth
The first documented case of living Siamese brothers dates back to the year 945, when the couple unit came together in Constantinople from Armenia face to face in the area of the navel, earning their living by exhibiting the phenomenon. Less common but equally surprising was when the first birth of post-partum Siamese occurred, experiment carried out by economic scientists, between merchants from China and the United States. Although we should remember that "Everything that is tied up is getting loose" (The Lord to Moses in "The green pastures".
Saturday night life
Treason is inherent to being human. Cain’s treason of his brother Abel is biblical, or the dramatic outcome in which a group of Roman senators, who included Marcus June Brutus, Julius Cesar’s adopted son, murder the Emperor in the Curia Pompeii (William Shakespeare records from the lips of the dying Caesar, as he falls, his last, anguished words: “You too, Brutus, my son?”). When Judas betrayed Jesus is, perhaps, the most famous of all, even though there are many other infamous examples: that of La Melinche who betrayed its own Aztec people, that of Marechal Petain to the French Resistance, that of General José Antonio Páez to Simón Bolívar, the plot that murdered General Augusto Calderón Sandino, that of Colonel Jesús Guajardo who betrayed Emiliano Zapata, etc. Great Betrayals and the shifts in conscious of the traitors have been so many and so extraordinary that, persuaded by them, Dmitri Mendeleev omitted, perhaps deliberately, to exclude human conscious in his “Periodic Table of the Elements”, as the most flexible element in nature. “A traitor is a man who leaves his own party to join another. A convert is a traitor who abandons his party to join ours.” Georges Benjamin Clemenceau
You Can Call the 1980's 'The Ugly Decade'
“Historians and the media are pleased when they can nail down the significance of a period with evocative labels”, begins the article published by The New York Times Op-Ed page, in 1983, “but, It begins to look as if the 1980's will have to be remembered as the The Ugly Decade”. President Reagan’s two Administrations had produced up to that time a massive deficit that if it would have continue, could have modify US National structure.
What a pity!
Story by Alexander Solzhenitsyn for the Supplement Clarín Culture and Nation, published on Thursday, January 6, 1983.
Waking up from lethargy
The summons for an “Open Theater”, revitalized a lethargic activity and started a sudden euphoria: twenty one releases by national authors under the responsibility of as many directors, more than one hundred actors, musicians, set designers and the public. Clarín, Culture and Nation, July 23rd 1981.
Why don’t children read?
The answers from several cultural personalities to this question were published on September 24th 1981 in the supplement Cultura y Nación. They all coincided in that even though television was not the only motive why children move away from the habit of reading, It was the main one.
In 1983, “Nigger Thompson”, a Quilmes club hooligan hunted for the crime of a Boca Juniors fan, was protected by the authorities of the Quilmes city, the club, the Argentine Football Association and by the Province of Buenos Aires police. The complicity was obvious, and today these include sport authorities, political leaders —who hire these hooligans as security personnel for their rallies or find them public employment— , the police force and the “football culture”, that considers that violence is legitimate, as it is caused by the passion and the masculinity that is proven in street riots. Published on September 12th 2006.
Nuclear energy is one of least impact. The biggest impact, in truth, is the fear it generates. For decades it was taboo to even mention nuclear energy between the alternative sources of fossil fuels, even when we are exposed to serious dangers due to climate changes that we suffer today. “It is expected”, Tomás Buch, technological advisor for the INVAP, mentions “that the irrational fears will decrease and that nuclear energy will be used as one of the most friendly sources.”
The dark side of etiquette
Claudio Campagna recalls that one day in February 1928, an unknown harpooner killed a whale 30.5 meters long and weighing 160 tons, the largest being recorded to date. Among the champions of extermination are Norway, Japan, the United States, the United Kingdom, Iceland, Denmark and Russia, countries that pride themselves on meticulous compliance honesty international standards. France sank the Rainbow Warrior belonging to Greenpeace. The attack was executed in July 1985 in the port of Auckland in New Zealand by French secret services, the Direction Générale of the Sûreté Extérieure, DGSE, and killed a photographer who was on board. The intention was to sabotage the wave of anti-nuclear protests raised against the French tests in the Mururoa atoll. The umbilical cord that connects the planet with animal life to which we belong, may not be revealed to our limited vision, but it is the origin and ultimate purpose of life.
It is better not to ask
Excess of information sometimes brings more problems than benefits. Finding out everything about one's sexual partner is usually always painful. This is a subject that generated much controversy and led Playboy magazine to conduct a journalistic investigation by James R. Petersen and Kate Nolan.
Rethinking love in middle age
It usually happens that middle age awakens in us feelings of disorientation in which it is difficult for us to understand and be understood by the other, which drives us to review, question and make decisions. In couples this happens with shared desires and dreams, projects that may have lost their meaning and force us to rethink our identity, who we are and how we continue to be. It is when the objectives lose the weight of the social demands and the most intimate desires grow in intensity. The resolution of these crises models the wisdom with which we will face the next stage of life, old age.
Anti-Populists become populist to defeat them and make populism reign everywhere, from Trump to Putin. A little dosis of populism is part of the democratic system, although the abuse of the word makes it lose its meaning.
David vs. Goliath
The small businessman competing against the big supermarket chains. Los Angeles Times
Misinformation campaigns are nothing new. There have always been, especially in times of war, when the first victim is the truth. The most dangerous thing is that confusion is now within everyone's reach and can become global, warns Lluis Foix. And Madeleine Albright points out: "what we have seen so far is only the beginning". Every year there are more states that employ battalions of opinion formers to flood and corrupt internet pages.